Fire Report for

During this time period, there were

Fire

Alerts

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, nulla sapien egestas mattis lobortis lectus, ligula et hendrerit urna aliquam nibh. Orci pede, neque ac feugiat. Vestibulum purus ut risus non feugiat, libero diam fermentum vitae odio, vestibulum et eu ac vestibulum mauris, aliquam blandit nec nec quia sapien lorem, quam laoreet pellentesque. Est nibh, a mauris, feugiat amet erat ut condimentum neque. Quis lorem lectus enim, amet pellentesque dui eros nec sed, dolor pretium. At in quis pellentesque duis ut quam, blandit adipiscing sit diam non velit ut, ornare tristique curabitur eget scelerisque sit viverra, egestas sed mauris morbi nec, vitae suspendisse imperdiet montes.

DISTRIBUTION OF FIRE ALERTS

VIIRS Fires
MODIS Fires

Greatest number of fire alerts by PROVINCE

Greatest number of fire alerts by JURISDICTION

Greatest number of fire alerts by DISTRICT

FIRE ALERT COUNT JAN 1, 2012 - PRESENT

MODIS fire alerts

CONCESSION
with greatest number of fire alerts

PULPWOOD CONCESSIONS WITH THE HIGHEST SHARE OF FIRE ALERTS
PALM OIL CONCESSIONS WITH THE HIGHEST SHARE OF FIRE ALERTS
LOGGING CONCESSIONS WITH THE HIGHEST SHARE OF FIRE ALERTS

RSPO CERTIFIED CONCESSIONS
with fire alerts

Fire alerts by
LAND USE AREA

Fire alerts in
PROTECTED
AREAS

Fire alerts in FOREST
MORATORIUM AREAS

Portion of fire alerts
ON PEATLAND

Fire History: Fire Season Progression

Fire history analyses use MODIS fires data only for 2012 to present.

    Annual Fire History

    Region:Indonesia

    Total MODIS fire alerts

    Fire history analyses use MODIS fires data only for 2012 to present.

    WRI uses NASA Fire Information for Resource Management Sytem (FIRMS) near real time (NRT) active fire data from the MODIS and VIIRS satellites to map fire locations. The sensors on these satellites detect the heat signatures of fires from the infrared spectral band. When a fire is detected, the system indicates the area where the fire occurred with an “alert.” Because each satellite orbits the earth twice per day, these alerts can be provided in near-real time. Fire alerts are posted on the NASA FIRMS website within 3 hours of detection by the satellite.

    The accuracy of fire detection has improved greatly since fire detection systems were first developed for the MODIS satellites. Fire data from the MODIS satellite are approximately 1km resolution and VIIRS satellite data has a resolution of 375m. Today, the rate of false positives is 1/10 to 1/1000 what it was under earlier systems first developed in the early 2000s. The algorithm used to detect fires includes steps to eliminate sources of false positives from sun glint, water glint, hot desert environments and others. When the system does not have enough information to detect a fire conclusively, the fire alert is discarded. In general, night observations have higher accuracy than daytime observations. Desert ecosystems have the highest rate of false positives. Many papers have been published to validate the NASA MODIS active fire alerts for use in various applications.

    Sources:

    NASA Fire Information for Resource Management (FIRMS) Active Fire Data

    VIIRS 375m NRT - NRT VIIRS 375 m Active Fire product VNP14IMGT. Available on-line [https://earthdata.nasa.gov/firms]. DOI: 5067/FIRMS/VIIRS/VNP14IMGT.NRT.001.

    MODIS Collection 6 NRT - MODIS Collection 6 NRT Hotspot / Active Fire Detections MCD14DL. Available on-line [https://earthdata.nasa.gov/firms]. DOI: 5067/FIRMS/MODIS/MCD14DL.NRT.006

    Administrative boundaries from GADM http://www.gadm.org/

    We acknowledge the use of data products or imagery from the Land, Atmosphere Near real-time Capability for EOS (LANCE) system operated by the NASA/GSFC/Earth Science Data and Information System (ESDIS) with funding provided by NASA/HQ.